Stanley "Stan" Winston (April 7, 1946 – June 15, 2008) was an Academy Award-winning American television and film special effects supervisor, makeup artist and director who designed the Predator creature, for the 1987 film Predator. His initial design has since been adapted, modified and re-envisioned by others (and himself) for the subsequent movies, video games and other media of the Predator and Alien vs. Predator franchise.

As well as designing the original Predator, Winston's effects studio provided the costume and animatronic effects for Predator, as well as the 1986 film Aliens and the 1990 film Predator 2. Other notable films Winston worked on include The Terminator (1984), Terminator 2: Judgement Day (1991), Batman Returns (1992), Jurassic Park (1993) and Iron Man (2008).

For his work on Aliens, Winston won an Academy Award for Best Visual Effects (shared with Robert Skotak, John Richardson and Suzanne M. Benson), a BAFTA and a Saturn Award. For his work on Predator, he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Visual Effects and a Saturn Award, while his work on Predator 2 earned him another two Saturn Award nominations. In addition to these accolades, he won a further three Academy Awards (Best Visual Effects and Best Makeup Effects for Terminator 2: Judgement Day, Best Visual Effects for Jurassic Park), three BAFTAs, two Emmys and seven Saturn Awards, and was nominated for a further six Academy Awards. Winston and his effects studio have been credited with creating some of the most iconic animatronic creatures and villains ever to appear in feature films, including the Terminator endoskeletons from the Terminator franchise, the dinosaurs from the Jurassic Park franchise, the Alien Queen from Aliens and the Predators from the Predator franchise. Winston shared a close relationship with Aliens director James Cameron, working on no less than four of his movies (The Terminator, Aliens, Terminator 2: Judgement Day and Avatar).

Winston passed away in 2008 after a lengthy battle with cancer. Following his death, numerous stars and celebrities paid tribute to him and his work, including Arnold Schwarzenegger, who made a public speech regarding Winston's passing, and director Jon Favreau, who dedicated his Spike TV Scream Award to Winston upon receiving the award for Best Sci-Fi Movie for Iron Man. Terminator Salvation begins and ends its credits with a dedication to Winston. After his death, his four lead supervisors (Shane Mahan, John Rosengrant, Alan Scott and Lindsay Macgowan) founded and built their own effects studio, Legacy Effects, aptly named to honor Winston's memory.

Notable Works

Winston is often cited as one of the greatest practical special effects artists in history, and contributed to several iconic blockbuster effects films, including the first four Terminator films (although the last, Terminator Salvation, was completed after his death) and the Universal Studios attraction T2 3-D: Battle Across Time, Batman Returns and the first three Jurassic Park films. His most notable creations include the Terminator endoskeleton and cyborg prosthetic effects for star Arnold Schwarzenegger in The Terminator, the full-size Queen animatronic in Aliens, the Jungle Hunter in Predator and the City Hunter in Predator 2, the liquid metal prosthetics used in Terminator 2: Judgement Day and the animatronic dinosaurs in the Jurassic Park series, including the full-size Tyrannosaurs rex.

Winston also worked on many other notable effects movies, including John Carpenter's The Thing (where Winston was called in to assist the film's principle effects designer Rob Botin, who found himself unable to meet the film's demanding effects requirements), The Monster Squad (where Winston's studio designed updated versions of classic Hammer Horror monsters), Edward Scissorhands, Congo, The Relic, Small Soldiers, Lake Placid, A.I. Artificial Intelligence, Stephen Spielberg's War of the Worlds and Iron Man.

Awards and Nominations

Year Film Notes
1986 Aliens Academy Awards for Best Visual Effects
BAFTA for Best Special Visual Effects
Saturn Award for Best Special Effects
1987 Predator Nominated — Academy Award for Best Visual Effects
Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Special Effects
1990 Predator 2 Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Make-Up
Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Special Effects

Filmography

Year Title Functioned as Notes
Director Effects artist
1974 The Bat People RedCross.png GreenTick.png
1975 The Man in the Glass Booth RedCross.png GreenTick.png
1976 Dr. Black, Mr. Hyde RedCross.png GreenTick.png
W. C. Fields and Me RedCross.png GreenTick.png
The Terror of Dr. Chaney RedCross.png GreenTick.png
1978 The Wiz RedCross.png GreenTick.png
Zoltan, Hound of Dracula RedCross.png GreenTick.png
1980 The Island RedCross.png GreenTick.png Uncredited
The Exterminator RedCross.png GreenTick.png
1981 The Hand RedCross.png GreenTick.png
Dead and Buried RedCross.png GreenTick.png
Heartbeeps RedCross.png GreenTick.png
1982 Parasite RedCross.png GreenTick.png
White Dog RedCross.png GreenTick.png
The Thing RedCross.png GreenTick.png Uncredited
The Entity RedCross.png GreenTick.png With William H. Burton, Jr.
Friday the 13th Part III RedCross.png GreenTick.png Uncredited
1983 Something Wicked This Way Comes RedCross.png GreenTick.png Uncredited
1984 Starman RedCross.png GreenTick.png
The Terminator RedCross.png GreenTick.png With Michael Biehn, Lance Henriksen, Bill Paxton and Arnold Schwarzenegger, directed by James Cameron
1986 The Vidicator RedCross.png GreenTick.png
Invaders from Mars RedCross.png GreenTick.png
Aliens RedCross.png GreenTick.png
1987 Predator RedCross.png GreenTick.png
The Monster Squad RedCross.png GreenTick.png With Tom Woodruff, Jr.
1988 Pumpkinhead GreenTick.png GreenTick.png With Lance Henriksen and Tom Woodruff, Jr.
1989 Leviathan RedCross.png GreenTick.png
1990 Upworld GreenTick.png GreenTick.png
Edward Scissorhands RedCross.png GreenTick.png With Winona Ryder
Predator 2 RedCross.png GreenTick.png
1991 Terminator 2: Judgement Day RedCross.png GreenTick.png With Michael Biehn,[1] Jenette Goldstein, Arnold Schwarzenegger and Sven-Ole Thorsen, directed by James Cameron
1992 Batman Returns RedCross.png GreenTick.png With Henry Kingi
1993 Jurassic Park RedCross.png GreenTick.png With Christopher John Fields
Shock to the System RedCross.png GreenTick.png
1994 Interview with the Vampire: The Vampire Chronicles RedCross.png GreenTick.png With Nick Gillard
1995 Tank Girl RedCross.png GreenTick.png
Congo RedCross.png GreenTick.png
1996 T2 3-D: Battle Across Time GreenTick.png GreenTick.png With Arnold Schwarzenegger, co-directed by James Cameron
The Island of Dr. Moreau RedCross.png GreenTick.png With Ron Perlman
The Ghost and the Darkness RedCross.png GreenTick.png
1997 The Relic RedCross.png GreenTick.png With Brian Steele
The Lost World: Jurassic Park RedCross.png GreenTick.png With Henry Kingi, Pete Postlethwaite, Thomas Rosales, Jr. and David St. James
Mousehunt RedCross.png GreenTick.png
1998 Small Soldiers RedCross.png GreenTick.png With Archie Hahn
1999 Lake Placid RedCross.png GreenTick.png
Galaxy Quest RedCross.png GreenTick.png With Sigourney Weaver
Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me RedCross.png GreenTick.png
Instinct RedCross.png GreenTick.png
Inspector Gadget RedCross.png GreenTick.png With Michael Papajohn
End of Days RedCross.png GreenTick.png With William H. Burton, Jr., Henry Kingi, Arnold Schwarzenegger and Sven-Ole Thorsen
2001 Pearl Harbor RedCross.png GreenTick.png With Ewen Bremner, Leland Orser and Eddie Yansick
Jurassic Park III RedCross.png GreenTick.png
A.I. Artificial Intelligence RedCross.png GreenTick.png With R. David Smith
2003 Darkness Falls RedCross.png GreenTick.png
Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines RedCross.png GreenTick.png With Simon Crane and Arnold Schwarzenegger
Big Fish RedCross.png GreenTick.png
2005 Constantine RedCross.png GreenTick.png With Henry Kingi and Brad Martin
Tideland RedCross.png GreenTick.png
2006 The Benchwarmers RedCross.png GreenTick.png
2008 Iron Man RedCross.png GreenTick.png With Thomas Rosales, Jr.
2009 Terminator Salvation RedCross.png GreenTick.png With Michael Papajohn and Brian Steele
G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra RedCross.png GreenTick.png
Avatar RedCross.png GreenTick.png Uncredited; with Sigourney Weaver, directed by James Cameron
2010 Shutter Island RedCross.png GreenTick.png Uncredited

Documentary Appearances

Gallery

Stan and Arnold.jpg
Stan Pred Art.jpg

Stan Winston's creations

Winston Thing.jpg
Winston Terminator.jpg
Ripley finds Queen.png
JH roaring.png
Winston Gillman.jpg
Winston Pumpkinhead.jpg
Winston Scissorhands.jpg
Winston Penguin.jpg
Winston T-Rex.jpg
Winston Sarris.jpg
Winston Iron Man.jpg

References

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