New Zealand is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The sovereign state geographically comprises two main landmasses — the North Island (Te Ika-a-Māui) and the South Island (Te Waipounamu) — and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 1,500 kilometres (900 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. The capital is Wellington, located on the southern tip of the North Island.