Jonathan Elias (born 1956) is an American composer and record producer, known for his movie soundtracks, production for several pop and rock acts, and his award-winning advertising music.

Arguably Elias' most well-known piece of music is the haunting, alien "wailing" track that he composed in 1979 for Alien's theatrical trailer. This piece of music has since gone on to be used in other Alien franchise media, including the making-of documentaries The Beast Within, Superior Firepower, Wreckage and Rage and One Step Beyond. It was also noticeably used in trailers for Prometheus, as well as its subsequent making-of documentary The Furious Gods.