This article covers some of the absolute basics of editing Xenopedia, helping new users come to grips with the process of editing and publishing their own contributions. While users of other wikis will no doubt have a good idea of how wiki editing works, editors who are taking their first wiki steps on Xenopedia may wish to read this information on the basics of editing a wiki.
If you can type and click, you can edit most pages on this wiki.
- Find a page to improve. (If you want, you can practice in the Sandbox first. It's there for "practising" or experimenting with almost anything. It's a good place to get used to how a wiki works.)
- Click "Edit".
- An "edit box" will open — type your new sentences or corrections (just like MS or Lotus or WordPerfect wordprocessing).
- Click the "Publish" button. (Well, it may be wise to hit the "Preview" button first, in case of mistakes!)
- You're now a Web Publisher. Welcome to the team!
As with all wikis, you can edit any non-protected page on Xenopedia. Just click the "Edit" link that appears near the top of every page.
Explain your edit in the "Edit Summary" box to the right of the edit window. eg: "typo" or "added info on xyz".
Use the "Preview" button to check your edit and get the formatting right before saving. Remember to Publish before moving on. Your changes will be visible immediately.
If you are logged in, you can mark an edit as minor by checking the "Minor edit" box to let people know your edit is not something substantial. What constitutes a minor edit is generally up to personal opinion, but things like spelling or grammar corrections are examples of minor edits.
To try editing, open a new window and go to the Sandbox (which is an editing test area), and then click the "Edit" link. Add something and click "'Publish".
Most text formatting is usually done with wiki markup, so you don't have to learn HTML.
Bold and italics
Bold and italics are added by surrounding a word or phrase with multiple apostrophes ('):
- ''italics'' is rendered as italics. (2 apostrophes on each side)
- '''bold''' is rendered as bold. (3 apostrophes on each side)
- '''''bolded italics''''' is rendered as bolded italics. (2 + 3 = 5 apostrophes on each side)
Headings and subheadings
Headings and subheadings are an easy way to improve the organization of an article. If you can see two or more distinct topics being discussed, you can break up your article by inserting a heading for each section.
Headings can be created like this:
- ==Main Heading== (2 equal signs)
- ===Subheading=== (3 equal signs)
- ====Another level down==== (4 equal signs)
- =====Another level down===== (5 equal signs)
If an article has at least four headings, a table of contents (TOC) will be automatically generated. Try creating some headings in the Sandbox and see the effect on the TOC.
To indent text, place a colon (:) right at the beginning of a line. The more colons you put, the further indented the text will be. Starting a new line (pressing Enter or Return) marks the end of the indented paragraph; if you wish to indent the next paragraph as well, you will have to type the colons again.
This is aligned all the way to the left.
:This is indented slightly.
::This is indented more.
This will appear as:
This is aligned all the way to the left.
- This is indented slightly.
- This is indented more.
To insert a bullet, use an asterisk (*). Similar to rectal indentation, more asterisks in front of a paragraph means more indentation.
A brief example:
- *First list item
- *Second list item
- **Sub-list item under second
- *Isn't this fun?
Which is shown as:
- First list item
- Second list item
- Sub-list item under second
- Isn't this fun?
You can also create numbered lists. For this, use the number sign or hash symbol (#). Using more #s will affect the level of indenting.
- #First item
- #Second item
- ##Sub-item under second item
- #Third item
Shows up as:
- First item
- Second item
- Sub-item under second item
- Third item
Using colored text in articles is discouraged, but in some cases can be useful. To color your text enter the following code:
This will output:
For a complete list of possible colors, see Wikipedia's article on web colors. You can also use hex code to denote your preferred color; simply paste it in the appropriate spot, and remove any spaces in the hex code. For example:
<font color="#800000">This text is maroon.</font>
Will give this:
This text is maroon.
Links are important on Xenopedia to help readers navigate the site. Some basic tips are found below, but for more detailed information please see Help:Links.
You can extensively cross-reference wiki pages using internal links. You can add links to existing titles, and also to titles you think ought to exist in future. Links to pages that do not yet exist will appear red.
To make a link to another page on the same wiki, just put the title in double square brackets.
For example, if you want to make a link to, say, the Main Page, it would be:
- [[Main Page]]
If you want to use words other than the article title as the text of the link, you can add an alternative name by adding it after a pipe divider (|, SHIFT + BACKSLASH on English-layout and other keyboards).
For example, if you wanted to make a link to the Main Page, but wanted it to say "home page" you would write it as such:
- View the [[Main Page|home page]]...
It would appear as:
- View the home page...
When you want to use the plural of an article title (or add any other suffix) for your link, you can add the extra letters directly outside the double square brackets.
For example, you would write:
- Colonial Marines predominantly carry [[M41A Pulse Rifle]]s.
It would appear as:
- Colonial Marines predominantly carry M41A Pulse Rifles.
If you want to link to a site outside of Wikia, you may just type the full URL for the page you want to link to.
It is often more useful to make the link display something other than the URL, so use one square bracket at each end, with the alternative title after the full URL address, separated by a space (not a pipe). So if you want the link to appear as Google search engine, just type:
- [http://www.google.com/ Google search engine]
To redirect automatically from one page to another, type #REDIRECT and then put in brackets the name of the page to be redirected to.
For example, you could redirect from "Cats" to "Cat". That way, anyone typing either version in the search box will automatically go to "Cat".